Ground Archery Competition Rules


Puta in Outdoor target archery is prepared in enlarged scales of the drawing above.

  1. Height of Puta is 150 cm for the stable and moving ones
  2. The ground clearance for Puta is 50 cm.
  3. Should the occasion arise more than one archer can shoot at the same target. In this case the distance between the archers should be 80 cm. The number of the archers cannot be more than four.
  4. Through the runs, the male and female archers aged fifteen and more compete together but their performances are scored differently. The archers who are under fifteen compete together and their performances are scored differently.
2.1 This clause states and specifies the equipments used by the archers trough the Society for Turkish Archery (STA) contests. The archers incur the responsibilities of the formal equipments. In the case of suspension archers can be asked to show his equipment to referee.
2.2 The archer who uses equipment not stated in the rules of STA can be disqualified.

The following statements are the rules to be obeyed for all different categories.
2.3 It is forbidden to compete in contemporary clothes. Traditional costumes or historical dressing are required.
2.4 It is forbidden to use target sight in bow.
2.5 Bows can be made of organic or synthetic materials. 2.6 No modern accessories can be put on bows.
2.7 Putting signs on bows are unconstrained.
2.8 numbers to show the drawing range can be put on the bows. 2.9 Any kind of wooden arrow can be used with the conditions of STA rules.
Yet the arrowhead cannot be sharpened and cornered. They should be blunt.
2.10 The bow consists of an arrowhead attached to a wooden shaft, feather and tang. Coloured parts on bows are optional. The name or the capital of the name of each archer should be presented on the bows.
2.11 Any kind of zihgir, gauntlet, thumb ring and plaster can be used during holding, drawing and releasing the bowstring.
2.12 Using gauntlet and other materials are allowed providing that they are not attached to the handle.
2.13 During flight shooting wrapping the handle up in rubber and using wrist bulwark is free. Attached bulwark and drain are forbidden
2.14 In order to determine the hit on the target butt binoculars, scope and other auxiliary apparatus can be used.
2.15Spectacles and sunglasses can be worn. Yet no visual aids to shoot and     attached lenses are allowed.

The following accessories are allowed:
2.16 armrest, quiver, arrow cases, helmet, plaque and chain
2.17 It is absolutely forbidden to put the bow on the ground. Bow carrier can use tripod.


3.1 The shots to moving Puta take place one by one.
3.2 The shots to stable Puta take place in five numbered sequences and the set scores should fit in with STA rules determined before the run.
3.3In the case of two finalists the archers perform their shots one by one in the final session. Scores are decided at the time of shooting.
3.4 STA runs take place in one day or in two successive day’s time. Should the shots take more than one day moving Puta, Stable Puta, and flight shooting are hold in turn.
3.5 The time allowance to an archer for five shooting series is two minutes
3.6 the duration for an arrow in individual shootings at final cannot exceed 20 seconds.
3.7 the shootings taken place before or after the formal turn are accepted as the parts of archers’ shooting series and they are miss scored  3.8 In the case of any problem related to the equipments, the archer lifts his hand and withdraws. Extra ten minutes is given to recovery or replacement of the equipment. The archer completes his shootings under the supervision of the referee.
3.8. If any trouble about eqipment, archer hands on and step back. Extra  minutes may given to him/her to fix, repair or change the equipment. And archer will make shots as soon as possible.
3.9 By no means the runs can be blocked more than ten minutes because of the equipment defaults.
3.10Starting the shootings if the archer cannot go on his performance because of a sudden health problem the health infirmaries check the archer up and tell whether the archer can continue or not. The archer completes his shootings in maximum fifteen minute duration under the supervision of the referee. Yet it cannot exceed fifteen
3.11During team contests archers check their needs while the other members perform their shots.
3.12 The posture of the healthy and disabled archers are sitting on two laps, sitting on one laps and sitting cross-legged or they can stand up without backing wile shooting. The shooting line should not be stepped
3.13Under no circumstance an arrow can be shot again.
3.14 The archer can take information providing that it doesn’t bother the other archers. And electronic information devices cannot be used.
3.15 The archers can verbally help each other regardless of whether or not they are on arrow or trainer shooting line during the team contests. Yet during the shootings trainer just only can help in his own area. 
3.16 Warm-up shots can only be take place under the supervision of the shot director. The shot director determines the number of arrows which will be shot.

4.1. One,two,three, or four archers can perform their shots at one target.
4.2 STAshots can be sequential or free.
4.3 If more than one archer shoot at the same target sequentially,  the sequence should be from right to left.
4.4 Shot turns, bowstring exchanges, adjustment of  the equipments can be changed for the time being according to the required treatment applications  
4.5 Teams consist of three archers in runs.(for the stable Puta)
4.6 Archers can participate in scoring.
4.7 By no means archer change is allowed during the contest .

Shot Durations and Timing Limitations
4.8 It’s determined by rules that archers get 20 seconds to shoot in turns and 2 minutes for 5 arrows in free shots
4.9 In some exceptions, duration can be extended. Sheikh has the authority.
4.10 The Sheikh starts and ends the shots with a vocal command. To do this a whistle can be used.
4.11 Should shoots in a series are paused because of any possible reasons timing is revised.

5.1 Contestants do not get any  points if the arrows hit any side of the Puta. Yet if it hits the outer circle of the Puta, it is scored.
5.2 Neither surface nor arrows are to be touched until the scores are recorded.
5.3 Only the referee can score the arrows that penetrate the Puta or ones that are in deep and not seen.
5.4 Contestants do not get points if the arrows hit the Puta but fall down.
5.5 The archer stops his shooting and informs the flag referee if an arrow is about to fall down. The arrow can be replaced on Puta in the provision of the referee and the contestant.
5.6 If an arrow hits another one and falls down, it isn’t scored.
5.7 The arrows which hit and fall down do not stop the runs.
5.8 The arrows that bounce off the ground and hit the Puta are not scored.

5.9 In the case of draw in stable Puta shootings, finalists shoot until one of them wins.
In the case of extension draw Sheikh can call for “Top Puta Shoots.”
At the end of the tournament Sheikh should announce the scores.

The penalties for the archers and others  are listed below.

The case of Obedience and disqualifications
6.1 The archer is disqualified using equipment not referred by rules and his points are erased.
6.2 The archer or the team is disqualified and their points are erased in case of extra shootings and repetitions of this action.
6.3 Archers who are proved to break rules on purpose can be dismissed and they may lose their title.
6.4 An archer cannot use an equipment or shooting technique which leads the arrow outside the shooting range although it is known by the referee. If the archer insists on shooting, in this case Sheikh can send him out the range.
6.5 If an archer passes the shooting line a bit, referee warns him and he turns back to shooting line and reshoot. If the archer does not obey the warning and shoots, it is not scored.

6.7 The archers are dismissed by Sheikh when they get more than one warn and disobey the listed rules and decisions taken by the referee.
6.8 It is forbidden to smoke and alcoholic beverages in the range.
6.9 Archers cannot touch the others’ equipments without permission.
6.10 Archers cannot stretch their bows with arrow out of the shooting line.
6.11 Just the ones who are about to shoot can stand on shooting line during performance.
6.12 The archers cannot raise their bows until the starting whistle.
6.13 Neither the arrows nor the Puta face are touched until all the shoots are recorded.
6.14 The archer cannot point his arrow to the behind the safety line and safety equipments although the referees are informed. If he insists on his behaviour he is dismissed by referee committee and head referee.
6.16 The archers cannot lend their bows and let guests shoot.

7) Inquiries and Objections
7.1 An archer can ask questions about the values of arrows on the Puta or make an objection before drawing of bows.
7.2 The final decision belongs to referee.
7.3 Referees should be informed about the questions dealing with shoots and archers before the next running stage.

8) Specific Rules of the Outdoor Runs
8.1 Teams are divided into three; male, female and the ones under fifteen.
8.2 Length of the Puta is set as 150cm.
8.3 Please see the Item 1 for Puta specifications and placement.

8.4 Moving Puta Run
8.4.1 Puta is set 25-30 metres away according to the number of the archers.
8.4.2 Puta is moved 5-10 metres back or forth according to the number of the archers.
8.4.3 Sheikh is fully entitled for the cases stated above.
8.4.4 Contestants are announced according to their categories; male, female, ones under fifteen.
8.4.5 In order to move up stage only one arrow that hit Puta and stick is enough.
8.4.6 Archers have three arrows for 50 metres shoots and four for above 50 metres shoots.
8.4.7.In the case of moving out of the safety line the Sheikh fixes the Puta and let the each archer shoot five arrows.

8.5 Stable Puta Run (individual)
8.5.1 Each arrow is worth one point
8.5.2 Distance of the Puta is 90m for men and 70m for women
8.5.3 The contest takes place according to the number (less or more) of the archers in five shoots series.
8.5.4 There should be 80 cm between each archer; there may be 3-4 archers on the range.
8.5.5 Arrows are shot in turns and timings according to the rules.
8.5.6 The archer who scores most wins the contest.
8.5.7 The equal scorers are made to contest again.
8.5. In the international contests draw breaking shoots are performed in order to determine the Turkish winner.
8.5.9. In the case of extension of the run Sheikh can call for “Top Puta Shoots.”The one whose arrow hits the upper part of the Puta wins.

8.6.1. Each arrow is worth one point.
8.6.2. The distance of Puta is determined and announced by STA at least 2 months prior to the competition.
8.6.3. Teams consist of 3 archers.
8.6.4.Three archers shoot five arrows successively  starting from left to right.
8.6.5.The team scoring most out of fifteen shots becomes the winner.
8.6.6. The teams which have the same number of arrows at the end compete once more.
8.6.7. In the case of draw for a second time the sheikh  can decide about upper part Puta shot. Therefore the team  hitting the upper part becomes the winner.

8.7.1 Runs will be held  with two cathegories Limited Bows (50 lbs at 71 cm, and under it) and unlimited  bows.
8.7.2 Archers shoots behind the linet o certain direction one by one.
8.7.3 Who shoots best distance (but arrow must be with in the borders of direction) is winner.
8.7.4 Turkish siper and short arrows are allowed but mecra isn’t.
8.7.5 only arrow which sinks into soil is valuable.
8.7.6 wooden shaft is required plastic features are allowed.
8.7.8 Archers shoot with 3 arrows.


* Special thanks to Dr. Yasar M. Aksoy for developing competition styles & regulations.